Pretty soon you will find yourself versed in the language of reverse mortgage. There are a number of reasons this will be helpful. First of all, you can read information on your own and understand the basic meaning. Second, you will be able to understand what your counselor has to share with you as the outline and give the valuable consulting time to deeper questions. And third, you can protect yourself from scams and those who would try to use terminology that could mislead you. This final installment of “Terms to Know” focuses on terms you may run across when applying for and finalizing the loan. As with any contract, it’s important to read and understand what is in it. I hope this will help. You can find the previous installments to this series by clicking here for “Terms to Know – Part 1” or click here for “Terms to know – Part 2” and here for “Terms to Know – Interest Rates“.
There are a few different kinds of advances to know. The first would be a Loan Advance which simply means the payment to the borrower or their designated party, it is an umbrella term under which the other advances fall. Another would be a Fixed Monthly Loan Advance which is exactly what is sounds like, the payment made monthly that remains the same to the borrower. A Term Advance is the same as a Fixed Monthly Loan Advance except that it is for a period of time and not the length of the loan. The last is a Tenure Advance which is a fixed monthly loan advance for the duration of time the borrower is living in the home.
If you receive the entire loan at closing this is called a Lump Sum. Sometimes a Lump Sum comes from a DPL, or Deferred Payment Loan. This type of loan gives you cash for home repair or maintenance and is usually offered on the local or state government level. From time to time the government may take hold of property for community use, such as building a needed highway, the right to do this is called Eminent Domain. A Credit Line is another way to employ a reverse mortgage for your needs. It is an account that lets the borrower decide how much and when they would like to take money. Line of Credit is another term for the same credit account.
Two terms common to the end of a reverse mortgage and the beginning of repayment are Loan Balance and Leftover Equity. The Loan Balance is the amount owed. It is capped in a reverse mortgage by the value of the home at the time the loan is repaid and will be the sum of principal and interest. If you take the sale price of the home and subtract out the cost of selling it and the amount owed you will get the Leftover Equity. This is what either the homeowner or the heirs will receive.
Reverse mortgages are available to seniors 62 and over, including married couples. The funds can be accessed in a variety of ways including monthly installments, a line of credit, a lump sum, and to purchase a home. Homeowners with a reverse mortgage will be able to stay in the home as long as they desire and the will NEVER have a loan payment until the last borrower permanently leaves the residence.
Janis Layman is a Reverse Mortgage Specialist serving the Seattle, Lynnwood, Edmonds, and Shoreline areas of Washington. Contact Janis and learn if reverse mortgage is right for you.